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Version: 4.xx.xx
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useTable

Refine offers a TanStack Table adapter with @refinedev/react-table that allows you to use the TanStack Table library with Refine. All features such as sorting, filtering, and pagination come out of the box. Under the hood it uses useList for the fetch. Since it is designed as headless, It expects you to handle the UI.

All of TanStack Table's features are supported and you can use all of the TanStack Table's examples with no changes just copy and paste them into your project.

useTable hook is extended from useTable hook from the @refinedev/core package. This means that you can use all the features of useTable hook.

Installation​

Install the @refinedev/react-table library.

npm i @refinedev/react-table

Usage​

In basic usage, useTable returns the data as it comes from the endpoint. By default, it reads resource from the url.

localhost:3000/posts
import React from "react";
import { useTable } from "@refinedev/react-table";
import { ColumnDef, flexRender } from "@tanstack/react-table";

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const columns = React.useMemo<ColumnDef<IPost>[]>(
() => [
{
id: "id",
header: "ID",
accessorKey: "id",
},
{
id: "title",
header: "Title",
accessorKey: "title",
},
{
id: "status",
header: "Status",
accessorKey: "status",
},
{
id: "createdAt",
header: "CreatedAt",
accessorKey: "createdAt",
},
],
[],
);

const { getHeaderGroups, getRowModel } = useTable({
columns,
});

return (
<table>
<thead>
{getHeaderGroups().map((headerGroup) => (
<tr key={headerGroup.id}>
{headerGroup.headers.map((header) => {
return <th key={header.id}>{flexRender(header.column.columnDef.header, header.getContext())}</th>;
})}
</tr>
))}
</thead>
<tbody>
{getRowModel().rows.map((row) => {
return (
<tr key={row.id}>
{row.getVisibleCells().map((cell) => {
return <td key={cell.id}>{flexRender(cell.column.columnDef.cell, cell.getContext())}</td>;
})}
</tr>
);
})}
</tbody>
</table>
);
};

Pagination​

TanStack Table provides a bunch of methods that we can use to control the pagination. For example, we can use the setPageSize method to set the current pageSize. Every change in the pageSize and pageIndex will trigger a new request to the data provider.

It also syncs the pagination state with the URL if you enable the syncWithLocation.

By default, pagination happens on the server side. If you want to do pagination handling on the client side, you can pass the pagination.mode property and set it to "client". Also, you can disable the pagination by setting the "off".

localhost:3000/posts
import React from "react";
import { useTable } from "@refinedev/react-table";
import { ColumnDef, flexRender } from "@tanstack/react-table";

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const columns = React.useMemo<ColumnDef<IPost>[]>(
() => [
{
id: "id",
header: "ID",
accessorKey: "id",
},
{
id: "title",
header: "Title",
accessorKey: "title",
},
{
id: "status",
header: "Status",
accessorKey: "status",
},
{
id: "createdAt",
header: "CreatedAt",
accessorKey: "createdAt",
},
],
[],
);

const {
getHeaderGroups,
getRowModel,
getState,
setPageIndex,
getCanPreviousPage,
getPageCount,
getCanNextPage,
nextPage,
previousPage,
setPageSize,
getPrePaginationRowModel,
} = useTable({
columns,
});

return (
<div>
<table>
<thead>
{getHeaderGroups().map((headerGroup) => (
<tr key={headerGroup.id}>
{headerGroup.headers.map((header) => {
return (
<th key={header.id}>
{header.isPlaceholder ? null : (
<>{flexRender(header.column.columnDef.header, header.getContext())}</>
)}
</th>
);
})}
</tr>
))}
</thead>
<tbody>
{getRowModel().rows.map((row) => {
return (
<tr key={row.id}>
{row.getVisibleCells().map((cell) => {
return <td key={cell.id}>{flexRender(cell.column.columnDef.cell, cell.getContext())}</td>;
})}
</tr>
);
})}
</tbody>
</table>
{/* Pagination can be built however you'd like. */}
{/* This is just a very basic UI implementation: */}
<div>
<button onClick={() => setPageIndex(0)} disabled={!getCanPreviousPage()}>
{"<<"}
</button>
<button onClick={() => previousPage()} disabled={!getCanPreviousPage()}>
{"<"}
</button>
<button onClick={() => nextPage()} disabled={!getCanNextPage()}>
{">"}
</button>
<button onClick={() => setPageIndex(getPageCount() - 1)} disabled={!getCanNextPage()}>
{">>"}
</button>
<span>
<div>Page</div>
<strong>
{getState().pagination.pageIndex + 1} of {getPageCount()}
</strong>
</span>
<span>
| Go to page:
<input
type="number"
defaultValue={getState().pagination.pageIndex + 1}
onChange={(e) => {
const page = e.target.value ? Number(e.target.value) - 1 : 0;
setPageIndex(page);
}}
/>
</span>
<select
value={getState().pagination.pageSize}
onChange={(e) => {
setPageSize(Number(e.target.value));
}}
>
{[10, 20, 30, 40, 50].map((pageSize) => (
<option key={pageSize} value={pageSize}>
Show {pageSize}
</option>
))}
</select>
</div>
<div>{getPrePaginationRowModel().rows.length} Rows</div>
</div>
);
};

Sorting​

TanStack Table provides a bunch of methods that we can use to control the sorting. For example, we can use the setColumnOrder method to set the current sorting value. Every change in the sorting state will trigger a new request to the data provider.

It also syncs the sorting state with the URL if you enable the syncWithLocation.

localhost:3000/posts
import React from "react";
import { useTable } from "@refinedev/react-table";
import { ColumnDef, flexRender } from "@tanstack/react-table";

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const columns = React.useMemo<ColumnDef<IPost>[]>(
() => [
{
id: "id",
header: "ID",
accessorKey: "id",
},
{
id: "title",
header: "Title",
accessorKey: "title",
},
{
id: "status",
header: "Status",
accessorKey: "status",
},
{
id: "createdAt",
header: "CreatedAt",
accessorKey: "createdAt",
},
],
[],
);

const { getHeaderGroups, getRowModel } = useTable({
columns,
});

return (
<table>
<thead>
{getHeaderGroups().map((headerGroup) => (
<tr key={headerGroup.id}>
{headerGroup.headers.map((header) => {
return (
<th key={header.id}>
{header.isPlaceholder ? null : (
<>
<div onClick={header.column.getToggleSortingHandler()}>
{flexRender(header.column.columnDef.header, header.getContext())}
{{
asc: " πŸ”Ό",
desc: " πŸ”½",
}[header.column.getIsSorted() as string] ?? null}
</div>
</>
)}
</th>
);
})}
</tr>
))}
</thead>
<tbody>
{getRowModel().rows.map((row) => {
return (
<tr key={row.id}>
{row.getVisibleCells().map((cell) => {
return <td key={cell.id}>{flexRender(cell.column.columnDef.cell, cell.getContext())}</td>;
})}
</tr>
);
})}
</tbody>
</table>
);
};

Filtering​

TanStack Table provides a bunch of methods that we can use to control the filtering. For example, we can use the setColumnFilters method to set the current columnFilters value. Every change in the filter will trigger a new request to the data provider.

It also syncs the filtering state with the URL if you enable the syncWithLocation.

By default, filter operators are set to "eq" for all fields. You can specify which field will be filtered with which filter operator with the filterOperator property in the meta object. Just be aware that the filterOperator must be a CrudOperators type.

localhost:3000/posts
import React from "react";
import { useTable } from "@refinedev/react-table";
import { ColumnDef, flexRender } from "@tanstack/react-table";

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const columns = React.useMemo<ColumnDef<IPost>[]>(
() => [
{
id: "id",
header: "ID",
accessorKey: "id",
enableColumnFilter: false,
},
{
id: "title",
header: "Title",
accessorKey: "title",
meta: {
filterOperator: "contains",
},
},
{
id: "status",
header: "Status",
accessorKey: "status",
meta: {
filterOperator: "contains",
},
},
{
id: "createdAt",
header: "CreatedAt",
accessorKey: "createdAt",
meta: {
filterOperator: "gte",
},
},
],
[],
);

const { getHeaderGroups, getRowModel } = useTable({
columns,
});

return (
<table>
<thead>
{getHeaderGroups().map((headerGroup) => (
<tr key={headerGroup.id}>
{headerGroup.headers.map((header) => {
return (
<th key={header.id}>
{header.isPlaceholder ? null : (
<>
{flexRender(header.column.columnDef.header, header.getContext())}
{header.column.getCanFilter() ? (
<div>
<input
value={(header.column.getFilterValue() as string) ?? ""}
onChange={(e) => header.column.setFilterValue(e.target.value)}
/>
</div>
) : null}
</>
)}
</th>
);
})}
</tr>
))}
</thead>
<tbody>
{getRowModel().rows.map((row) => {
return (
<tr key={row.id}>
{row.getVisibleCells().map((cell) => {
return <td key={cell.id}>{flexRender(cell.column.columnDef.cell, cell.getContext())}</td>;
})}
</tr>
);
})}
</tbody>
</table>
);
};

Realtime Updates​

This feature is only available if you use a Live Provider.

When the useTable hook is mounted, it will call the subscribe method from the liveProvider with some parameters such as channel, resource etc. It is useful when you want to subscribe to live updates.

Properties​

It also accepts all props of TanStack Table.

resource​

It will be passed to the getList method from the dataProvider as parameter via the useList hook. The parameter is usually used as an API endpoint path. It all depends on how to handle the resource in the getList method. See the creating a data provider section for an example of how resources are handled.

By default, it reads the resource from the current route.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
resource: "categories",
},
});

If you have multiple resources with the same name, you can pass the identifier instead of the name of the resource. It will only be used as the main matching key for the resource, data provider methods will still work with the name of the resource defined in the <Refine/> component.

For more information, refer to the identifier of the <Refine/> component documentation β†’

dataProviderName​

If there is more than one dataProvider, you should use the dataProviderName that you will use. It is useful when you want to use a different dataProvider for a specific resource.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
dataProviderName: "second-data-provider",
},
});

pagination.current​

Sets the initial value of the page index. Default value is 1.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
pagination: {
current: 2,
},
},
});

pagination.pageSize​

Sets the initial value of the page size. Default value is 10.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
pagination: {
pageSize: 10,
},
},
});

pagination.mode​

It can be "off", "server" or "client". Default value is "server".

  • "off": Pagination is disabled. All records will be fetched.
  • "client": Pagination is done on the client side. All records will be fetched and then the records will be paginated on the client side.
  • "server":: Pagination is done on the server side. Records will be fetched by using the current and pageSize values.
useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
pagination: {
mode: "client",
},
},
});

sorters.initial​

Sets the initial value of the sorter. The initial is not permanent. It will be cleared when the user changes the sorter. If you want to set a permanent value, use the sorters.permanent prop.

Refer to the CrudSorting interface for more information β†’

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
sorters: {
initial: [
{
field: "name",
order: "asc",
},
],
},
},
});

sorters.permanent​

Sets the permanent value of the sorter. The permanent is permanent and unchangeable. It will not be cleared when the user changes the sorter. If you want to set a temporary value, use the sorters.initial prop.

Refer to the CrudSorting interface for more information β†’

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
sorters: {
permanent: [
{
field: "name",
order: "asc",
},
],
},
},
});

sorters.mode​

It can be "off" or "server". Default value is "server".

  • "off": Sorting are disabled. All records will be fetched.
  • "server":: Sorting are done on the server side. Records will be fetched by using the sorters value.
useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
sorters: {
mode: "off",
},
},
});

filters.initial​

Sets the initial value of the filter. The initial is not permanent. It will be cleared when the user changes the filter. If you want to set a permanent value, use the filters.permanent prop.

Refer to the CrudFilters interface for more information β†’

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
filters: {
initial: [
{
field: "name",
operator: "contains",
value: "Foo",
},
],
},
},
});

filters.permanent​

Sets the permanent value of the filter. The permanent is permanent and unchangeable. It will not be cleared when the user changes the filter. If you want to set a temporary value, use the filters.initial prop.

Refer to the CrudFilters interface for more information β†’

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
filters: {
permanent: [
{
field: "name",
operator: "contains",
value: "Foo",
},
],
},
},
});

filters.defaultBehavior​

The filtering behavior can be set to either "merge" or "replace". Default value is "replace".

  • When the filter behavior is set to "merge", it will merge the new filter with the existing filters. This means that if the new filter has the same column as an existing filter, the new filter will replace the existing filter for that column. If the new filter has a different column than the existing filters, it will be added to the existing filters.

  • When the filter behavior is set to "replace", it will replace all existing filters with the new filter. This means that any existing filters will be removed and only the new filter will be applied to the table.

You can also override the default value by using the second parameter of the setFilters function.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
filters: {
defaultBehavior: "merge",
},
},
});

filters.mode​

It can be "off" or "server". Default value is "server".

  • "off": filters are not sent to the server. You can use the filters value to filter the records on the client side.
  • "server":: Filters are done on the server side. Records will be fetched by using the filters value.
useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
filters: {
mode: "off",
},
},
});

syncWithLocation
Globally Configurable
This value can be configured globally. Click to see the guide for more information.
​

When you use the syncWithLocation feature, the useTable's state (e.g. sort order, filters, pagination) is automatically encoded in the query parameters of the URL, and when the URL changes, the useTable state is automatically updated to match. This makes it easy to share table state across different routes or pages and to allow users to bookmark or share links to specific table views.

By default, it reads the syncWithLocation from the <Refine> component.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
syncWithLocation: true,
},
});

queryOptions​

useTable uses useList hook to fetch data. You can pass queryOptions.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
queryOptions: {
retry: 3,
},
},
});

meta​

meta is a special property that can be used to pass additional information to data provider methods for the following purposes:

  • Customizing the data provider methods for specific use cases.
  • Generating GraphQL queries using plain JavaScript Objects (JSON).

Refer to the meta section of the General Concepts documentation for more information β†’

In the following example, we pass the headers property in the meta object to the create method. With similar logic, you can pass any properties to specifically handle the data provider methods.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
metaData: {
headers: { "x-meta-data": "true" },
},
},
});

const myDataProvider = {
//...
getList: async ({
resource,
pagination,
sorters,
filters,
metaData,
}) => {
const headers = metaData?.headers ?? {};
const url = `${apiUrl}/${resource}`;

//...
//...

const { data, headers } = await httpClient.get(`${url}`, { headers });

return {
data,
};
},
//...
};

successNotification​

NotificationProvider is required for this prop to work.

After data is fetched successfully, useTable can call open function from NotificationProvider to show a success notification. With this prop, you can customize the success notification.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
successNotification: (data, values, resource) => {
return {
message: `${data.title} Successfully fetched.`,
description: "Success with no errors",
type: "success",
};
},
},
});

errorNotification​

NotificationProvider is required for this prop to work.

After data fetching is failed, useTable will call open function from NotificationProvider to show an error notification. With this prop, you can customize the error notification.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
errorNotification: (data, values, resource) => {
return {
message: `Something went wrong when getting ${data.id}`,
description: "Error",
type: "error",
};
},
},
});

liveMode​

LiveProvider is required.

Determines whether to update data automatically ("auto") or not ("manual") if a related live event is received. It can be used to update and show data in Realtime throughout your app. For more information about live mode, please check Live / Realtime page.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
liveMode: "auto",
},
});

onLiveEvent​

LiveProvider is required.

The callback function is executed when new events from a subscription have arrived.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
onLiveEvent: (event) => {
console.log(event);
},
},
});

liveParams​

LiveProvider is required.

Params to pass to liveProvider's subscribe method.

initialCurrent
deprecated
​

Use pagination.current instead.

initialPageSize
deprecated
​

Use pagination.pageSize instead.

hasPagination
deprecated
​

Use pagination.mode instead.

initialSorter
deprecated
​

Use sorters.initial instead.

permanentSorter
deprecated
​

Use sorters.permanent instead.

initialFilter
deprecated
​

Use filters.initial instead.

permanentFilter
deprecated
​

Use filters.permanent instead.

defaultSetFilterBehavior
deprecated
​

Use filters.defaultBehavior instead.

Return Values​

It also have all return values of TanStack Table.

refineCore​

tableQueryResult​

Returned values from useList hook.

sorters​

Current sorters state.

setSorters​

A function to set current sorters state.

 (sorters: CrudSorting) => void;

A function to set current sorters state.

filters​

Current filters state.

setFilters​

((filters: CrudFilters, behavior?: SetFilterBehavior) => void) & ((setter: (prevFilters: CrudFilters) => CrudFilters) => void)

A function to set current filters state.

current​

Current page index state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

setCurrent​

React.Dispatch<React.SetStateAction<number>> | undefined;

A function to set the current page index state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

pageSize​

Current page size state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

setPageSize​

React.Dispatch<React.SetStateAction<number>> | undefined;

A function to set the current page size state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

pageCount​

Total page count state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

createLinkForSyncWithLocation​

(params: SyncWithLocationParams) => string;

A function creates accessible links for syncWithLocation. It takes SyncWithLocationParams as parameters.

sorter
deprecated
​

Use sorters instead.

Current sorters state.

setSorter
deprecated
​

Use setSorters instead.

FAQ​

How can I handle relational data?​

You can use useMany hook to fetch relational data.

localhost:3000/posts
import React from "react";
import { useTable } from "@refinedev/react-table";
import { ColumnDef, flexRender } from "@tanstack/react-table";
import { GetManyResponse, HttpError, useMany } from "@refinedev/core";

interface ICategory {
id: number;
title: string;
}

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
category: {
id: number;
};
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const columns = React.useMemo<ColumnDef<IPost>[]>(
() => [
{
id: "id",
header: "ID",
accessorKey: "id",
},
{
id: "title",
header: "Title",
accessorKey: "title",
},
{
id: "status",
header: "Status",
accessorKey: "status",
},
{
id: "createdAt",
header: "CreatedAt",
accessorKey: "createdAt",
},
{
id: "category",
header: "Category",
accessorKey: "category.id",
cell: function render({ getValue, table }) {
const meta = table.options.meta as {
categoryData: GetManyResponse<ICategory>;
};
// Gets the category from the meta.categoryData object, which is the result of the useMany hook We pass this data to meta with the setOptions function.
const category = meta.categoryData?.data?.find((item) => item.id === getValue());

return category?.title ?? "Loading...";
},
},
],
[],
);

const {
getHeaderGroups,
getRowModel,
setOptions,
refineCore: {
tableQueryResult: { data: tableData },
},
} = useTable<IPost, HttpError>({
columns,
});

// Fetches the category of each post. It uses the useMany hook to fetch the category data from the API.
const { data: categoryData } = useMany<ICategory, HttpError>({
resource: "categories",
// Creates the array of ids. This will filter and fetch the category data for the relevant posts.
ids: tableData?.data?.map((item) => item?.category?.id) ?? [],
queryOptions: {
// Set to true only if the posts array is not empty.
enabled: !!tableData?.data,
},
});

// set meta data to table options. We will use this data in cell render.
setOptions((prev) => ({
...prev,
meta: {
...prev.meta,
categoryData,
},
}));

return (
<table>
<thead>
{getHeaderGroups().map((headerGroup) => (
<tr key={headerGroup.id}>
{headerGroup.headers.map((header) => {
return <th key={header.id}>{flexRender(header.column.columnDef.header, header.getContext())}</th>;
})}
</tr>
))}
</thead>
<tbody>
{getRowModel().rows.map((row) => {
return (
<tr key={row.id}>
{row.getVisibleCells().map((cell) => {
return <td key={cell.id}>{flexRender(cell.column.columnDef.cell, cell.getContext())}</td>;
})}
</tr>
);
})}
</tbody>
</table>
);
};

How can I handle client side filtering?​

You can set the filters.mode: "off" in order to disable server-side filtering. useTable is fully compatible with TanStack Table filtering feature.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
filters: {
mode: "off",
},
},
});

How can I handle client side sorting?​

You can set the sorters.mode: "off" in order to disable server-side sorting. useTable is fully compatible with TanStack Table sorting feature.

useTable({
refineCoreProps: {
sorters: {
mode: "off",
},
},
});

API Reference​

Properties​

Type Parameters​

PropertyDescriptionTypeDefault
TQueryFnDataResult data of the query. Extends BaseRecordBaseRecordBaseRecord
TErrorCustom error object that extends HttpErrorHttpErrorHttpError
TDataResult data of the select function. Extends BaseRecord. If not specified, the value of TQueryFnData will be used as the default value.BaseRecordTQueryFnData

Return values​

PropertyDescriptionType
refineCoreThe return values of the useTable in the coreUseTableReturnValues
Tanstack Table Return ValuesSee TanStack Table documentation

Example​

Run on your local
npm create refine-app@latest -- --example table-react-table-basic