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useTable

By using useTable, you can get properties that are compatible with Ant Design <Table> component. All features such as sorting, filtering, and pagination come out of the box. Under the hood it uses useList for the fetch.

For all the other features, you can refer to the Ant Design <Table> documentation.

useTable hook is extended from useTable hook from the @refinedev/core package. This means that you can use all the features of useTable hook.

usage​

In basic usage, useTable returns the data as it comes from the endpoint. By default, it reads resource from the URL.

localhost:3000/posts
import { HttpError } from "@refinedev/core";

import { List, TagField, useTable } from "@refinedev/antd";
import { Table } from "antd";

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const { tableProps } = useTable<IPost, HttpError>();

return (
<List>
<Table {...tableProps} rowKey="id">
<Table.Column dataIndex="id" title="ID" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="title" title="Title" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="content" title="Content" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="status" title="Status" render={(value: string) => <TagField value={value} />} />
</Table>
</List>
);
};

Pagination​

This feature comes out of the box with the tableProps.pagination. It generates the pagination links for the <Table> component instead of react state and overrides <Table>'s pagination.itemRender value.

It also syncs the pagination state with the URL if you enable the syncWithLocation.

If you want to make a change in the pagination of the <Table>. You should pass the pagination object of the tableProps to the pagination property of the <Table> as below. You can override the values of the pagination object depending on your needs.

const { tableProps } = useTable<IPost>();

<Table
{...tableProps}
rowKey="id"
pagination={{
...tableProps.pagination,
position: ["bottomCenter"],
size: "small",
}}
>
// ---
</Table>;
Implementation Tips:

By default, pagination happens on the server side. If you want to do pagination handling on the client side, you can pass the pagination.mode property and set it to "client". Also, you can disable the pagination by setting the "off".

Sorting​

If we want to give a column the sorting property, the corresponding <Table.Column> component must be given the sorter property.

It also syncs the sorting state with the URL if you enable the syncWithLocation.

localhost:3000/posts
import { HttpError } from "@refinedev/core";

import {
List,
TagField,
useTable,
getDefaultSortOrder,
} from "@refinedev/antd";
import { Table } from "antd";

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const { tableProps, sorter } = useTable<IPost>({
sorters: {
initial: [
{
field: "id",
order: "desc",
},
],
},
});

return (
<List>
<Table {...tableProps} rowKey="id">
<Table.Column
dataIndex="id"
title="ID"
sorter={{ multiple: 2 }}
defaultSortOrder={getDefaultSortOrder("id", sorter)}
/>
<Table.Column
dataIndex="title"
title="Title"
sorter={{ multiple: 1 }}
defaultSortOrder={getDefaultSortOrder("title", sorter)}
/>
<Table.Column dataIndex="content" title="Content" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="status" title="Status" render={(value: string) => <TagField value={value} />} />
</Table>
</List>
);
};

During the sorting process, the key property of your <Column /> component is used as the property name in the API request. If your Column component does not have a key value, the dataIndex property is used. It can be used when your DataIndex and your sorting key are different.

When using multiple sorting, multiple value is required for sorter property. Which specifies the priority of the column in sorting.

Filtering​

We can use the filterDropdown property from <Table.Column> to make filtering based on the column values. In order to do this, we need to put the filtering form inside the <FilterDropdown> component and pass the properties coming to the function to these component's properties.

It also syncs the filtering state with the URL if you enable the syncWithLocation.

localhost:3000/posts
import { HttpError } from "@refinedev/core";

import {
List,
TagField,
useTable,
FilterDropdown,
} from "@refinedev/antd";
import {
Table,
Radio,
} from "antd";

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const { tableProps } = useTable<IPost, HttpError>();

return (
<List>
<Table {...tableProps} rowKey="id">
<Table.Column dataIndex="id" title="ID" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="title" title="Title" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="content" title="Content" />
<Table.Column
dataIndex="status"
title="Status"
render={(value: string) => <TagField value={value} />}
filterDropdown={(props) => (
<FilterDropdown {...props}>
<Radio.Group>
<Radio value="published">Published</Radio>
<Radio value="draft">Draft</Radio>
<Radio value="rejected">Rejected</Radio>
</Radio.Group>
</FilterDropdown>
)}
/>
</Table>
</List>
);
};

Initial Filter and Sorter​

If you're using the initial, don't forget to add getDefaultSortOrder or defaultFilteredValue to your <Table.Column> component. Otherwise, hook states may not sync with the table.

// ---
const { tableProps, sorters, filters } = useTable({
sorters: {
initial: [
{
field: "title",
order: "asc",
},
],
}
filters: {
initial: [
{
field: "status",
operator: "eq",
value: "published",
},
],
},
});

// ---
<Table.Column
dataIndex="title"
title="Title"
defaultSortOrder={getDefaultSortOrder("title", sorters)}
/>
<Table.Column
dataIndex="status"
title="Status"
render={(value) => <TagField value={value} />}
defaultFilteredValue={getDefaultFilter("status", filters)}
filterDropdown={(props) => (
<FilterDropdown {...props}>
<Radio.Group>
<Radio value="published">Published</Radio>
<Radio value="draft">Draft</Radio>
<Radio value="rejected">Rejected</Radio>
</Radio.Group>
</FilterDropdown>
)}
/>
// ---

We can use the onSearch and searchFormProps properties to make custom filter form. onSearch is a function that is called when the form is submitted. searchFormProps is a property that is passed to the <Form> component.

localhost:3000/posts
import { HttpError } from "@refinedev/core";

import {
List,
TagField,
useTable,
SaveButton,
} from "@refinedev/antd";
import {
Table,
Form,
Input,
} from "antd";

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
}

interface ISearch {
title: string;
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const { tableProps, searchFormProps } = useTable<IPost, HttpError, ISearch>({
onSearch: (values) => {
return [
{
field: "title",
operator: "contains",
value: values.title,
},
];
},
});

return (
<List>
<Form {...searchFormProps} layout="inline">
<Form.Item name="title">
<Input placeholder="Search by title" />
</Form.Item>
<SaveButton onClick={searchFormProps.form?.submit} />
</Form>
<Table {...tableProps} rowKey="id">
<Table.Column dataIndex="id" title="ID" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="title" title="Title" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="content" title="Content" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="status" title="Status" render={(value: string) => <TagField value={value} />} />
</Table>
</List>
);
};

Realtime Updates​

LiveProvider is required for this prop to work.

When the useTable hook is mounted, it will call the subscribe method from the liveProvider with some parameters such as channel, resource etc. It is useful when you want to subscribe to live updates.

For more information, refer to the liveProvider documentation β†’

Properties​

resource​

It will be passed to the getList method from the dataProvider as parameter via the useList hook. The parameter is usually used as an API endpoint path. It all depends on how to handle the resource in the getList method. See the creating a data provider section for an example of how resources are handled.

By default, it uses the inferred resource from the route.

useTable({
resource: "categories",
});

If you have multiple resources with the same name, you can pass the identifier instead of the name of the resource. It will only be used as the main matching key for the resource, data provider methods will still work with the name of the resource defined in the <Refine/> component.

For more information, refer to the identifier section of the <Refine/> component documentation β†’

onSearch​

When searchFormProps.onFinish is called, the onSearch function is called with the values of the form. The onSearch function should return CrudFilters | Promise<CrudFilters>. Also, onSearch will set the current page to 1.

It's useful when you want to filter the data with any query.

const { searchFormProps, tableProps } = useTable({
onSearch: (values) => {
return [
{
field: "title",
operator: "contains",
value: values.title,
},
];
},
});

// --
<List>
<Form {...searchFormProps}>
<Space>
<Form.Item name="title">
<Input placeholder="Search by title" />
</Form.Item>
<SaveButton onClick={searchFormProps.form?.submit} />
</Space>
</Form>
<Table {...tableProps} rowKey="id">
<Table.Column title="Title" dataIndex="title" />
</Table>
</List>;
// ---

dataProviderName​

If there is more than one dataProvider, you should use the dataProviderName that you will use. It is useful when you want to use a different dataProvider for a specific resource.

useTable({
dataProviderName: "second-data-provider",
});

pagination.current​

Sets the initial value of the page index. It is set to 1 by default.

useTable({
pagination: {
current: 2,
},
});

pagination.pageSize​

Sets the initial value of the page size. It is set to 10 by default.

useTable({
pagination: {
pageSize: 20,
},
});

pagination.mode​

It can be "off", "server" or "client". It is set to "server" by default.

  • "off": Pagination is disabled. All records will be fetched.
  • "client": Pagination is done on the client side. All records will be fetched and then the records will be paginated on the client side.
  • "server":: Pagination is done on the server side. Records will be fetched by using the current and pageSize values.
useTable({
pagination: {
mode: "client",
},
});

sorters.initial​

Sets the initial value of the sorter. The initial is not permanent. It will be cleared when the user changes the sorter. If you want to set a permanent value, use the sorters.permanent prop.

For more information, refer to the CrudSorting interface documentation β†’

useTable({
sorters: {
initial: [
{
field: "name",
order: "asc",
},
],
},
});

sorters.permanent​

Sets the permanent value of the sorter. The permanent is permanent and unchangeable. It will not be cleared when the user changes the sorter. If you want to set a temporary value, use the sorters.initial prop.

For more information, refer to the CrudSorting interface documentation β†’

useTable({
sorters: {
permanent: [
{
field: "name",
order: "asc",
},
],
},
});

sorters.mode​

It can be "off", or "server". It is "server" by default.

  • "off": sorters are not sent to the server. You can use the sorters value to sort the records on the client side.
  • "server":: Sorting is done on the server side. Records will be fetched by using the sorters value.
useTable({
sorters: {
mode: "server",
},
});

filters.initial​

Sets the initial value of the filter. The initial is not permanent. It will be cleared when the user changes the filter. If you want to set a permanent value, use the filters.permanent prop.

For more information, refer to the CrudFilters interface documentation β†’

useTable({
filters: {
initial: [
{
field: "name",
operator: "contains",
value: "Foo",
},
],
},
});

filters.permanent​

Sets the permanent value of the filter. The permanent is permanent and unchangeable. It will not be cleared when the user changes the filter. If you want to set a temporary value, use the filters.initial prop.

For more information, refer to the CrudFilters interface documentation β†’

useTable({
filters: {
permanent: [
{
field: "name",
operator: "contains",
value: "Foo",
},
],
},
});

filters.defaultBehavior​

The filtering behavior can be set to either "merge" or "replace". By default, it is set to "merge".

  • When the filter behavior is set to "merge", it will merge the new filter with the existing filters. This means that if the new filter has the same column as an existing filter, the new filter will replace the existing filter for that column. If the new filter has a different column than the existing filters, it will be added to the existing filters.

  • When the filter behavior is set to "replace", it will replace all existing filters with the new filter. This means that any existing filters will be removed and only the new filter will be applied to the table.

You can also override the default value by using the second parameter of the setFilters function.

useTable({
filters: {
defaultBehavior: "replace",
},
});

filters.mode​

It can be "off" or "server". It is "server" by default.

  • "off": filters are not sent to the server. You can use the filters value to filter the records on the client side.
  • "server":: Filters are done on the server side. Records will be fetched by using the filters value.
useTable({
filters: {
mode: "off",
},
});

syncWithLocation
Globally Configurable
This value can be configured globally. Click to see the guide for more information.
​

When you use the syncWithLocation feature, the useTable's state (e.g. sort order, filters, pagination) is automatically encoded in the query parameters of the URL, and when the URL changes, the useTable state is automatically updated to match. This makes it easy to share table state across different routes or pages, and to allow users to bookmark or share links to specific table views. It is set to false by default.

useTable({
syncWithLocation: true,
});

queryOptions​

useTable uses the useList hook to fetch data. You can pass the queryOptions to it like this:

useTable({
queryOptions: {
retry: 3,
},
});

meta​

meta is a special property that can be used to pass additional information to data provider methods for the following purposes:

  • Customizing the data provider methods for specific use cases.
  • Generating GraphQL queries using plain JavaScript Objects (JSON).

For more information, refer to the meta section of the General Concepts documentation β†’

In the following example, we pass the headers property in the meta object to the create method. With similar logic, you can pass any properties to specifically handle the data provider methods.

useTable({
meta: {
headers: { "x-meta-data": "true" },
},
});

const myDataProvider = {
//...
getList: async ({
resource,
pagination,
sorters,
filters,
meta,
}) => {
const headers = meta?.headers ?? {};
const url = `${apiUrl}/${resource}`;

//...
//...

const { data, headers } = await httpClient.get(`${url}`, { headers });

return {
data,
};
},
//...
};

successNotification​

NotificationProvider is required for this prop to work.

After data is fetched successfully, useTable can call open function from NotificationProvider to show a success notification. With this prop, you can customize the success notification.

useTable({
successNotification: (data, values, resource) => {
return {
message: `${data.title} Successfully fetched.`,
description: "Success with no errors",
type: "success",
};
},
});

errorNotification​

NotificationProvider is required for this prop to work.

After data fetching is failed, useTable will call open function from NotificationProvider to show an error notification. With this prop, you can customize the error notification.

useTable({
errorNotification: (data, values, resource) => {
return {
message: `Something went wrong when getting ${data.id}`,
description: "Error",
type: "error",
};
},
});

liveMode​

LiveProvider is required for this prop to work.

liveMode determines whether to update data automatically ("auto") or not ("manual") if a related live event is received. It can be used to update and show data in Realtime throughout your app.

For more information, refer to the Live / Realtime documentation β†’

useTable({
liveMode: "auto",
});

onLiveEvent​

LiveProvider is required for this prop to work.

The callback function is executed when new events from a subscription have arrived.

useTable({
onLiveEvent: (event) => {
console.log(event);
},
});

liveParams​

LiveProvider is required for this prop to work.

Params to pass to liveProvider's subscribe method.

overtimeOptions​

If you want the loading overtime for the request, you can pass the overtimeOptions prop to the this hook. It is useful when you want to show a loading indicator when the request takes too long.

interval is the time interval in milliseconds while onInterval is the function that will be called on each interval.

Return overtime object from this hook. elapsedTime is the elapsed time in milliseconds. It becomes undefined when the request is completed.

const { overtime } = useTable({
//...
overtimeOptions: {
interval: 1000,
onInterval(elapsedInterval) {
console.log(elapsedInterval);
},
},
});

console.log(overtime.elapsedTime); // undefined, 1000, 2000, 3000 4000, ...

// You can use it like this:
{
elapsedTime >= 4000 && <div>this takes a bit longer than expected</div>;
}

initialCurrent
deprecated
​

Use pagination.current instead.

initialPageSize
deprecated
​

Use pagination.pageSize instead.

hasPagination
deprecated
​

Use pagination.mode instead.

initialSorter
deprecated
​

Use sorters.initial instead.

permanentSorter
deprecated
​

Use sorters.permanent instead.

initialFilter
deprecated
​

Use filters.initial instead.

permanentFilter
deprecated
​

Use filters.permanent instead.

defaultSetFilterBehavior
deprecated
​

Use filters.defaultBehavior instead.

Return Values​

tableProps​

tableProps are the props needed by the <Table> component.

onChange​

The onChange callback function is executed when a user interacts(filter, sort, etc.) with the table.

CAUTION

useTable handles sorting, filtering, and pagination with this function. If you override this function, you need to handle these operations manually.

const { tableProps } = useTable()

<Table {...tableProps} onChange={tableProps.onChange} rowKey="id">
<Table.Column title="Title" dataIndex="title" />
</Table>

dataSource​

dataSource contains the data to be displayed in the table. Values fetched with useList hook.

loading​

loading indicates whether the data is being fetched.

pagination​

pagination returns the pagination configuration values(pageSize, current, position, etc.).

scroll​

scroll is for making the table scrollable or not. It is set to { x: true } by default.

searchFormProps​

searchFormProps returns <Form> instance of Ant Design. When searchFormProps.onFinish is called, it will trigger onSearch function. You can also use searchFormProps.form.submit to submit the form manually.

It's useful when you want to create a filter form for your <Table>.

import { HttpError } from "@refinedev/core";
import { List, useTable, SaveButton } from "@refinedev/antd";
import { Table, Form, Input } from "antd";

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
}

interface ISearch {
title: string;
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const { searchFormProps, tableProps } = useTable<IPost, HttpError, ISearch>({
onSearch: (values) => {
return [
{
field: "title",
operator: "contains",
value: values.title,
},
];
},
});

return (
<List>
<Form {...searchFormProps} layout="inline">
<Form.Item name="title">
<Input placeholder="Search by title" />
</Form.Item>
<SaveButton onClick={searchFormProps.form?.submit} />
</Form>
<Table {...tableProps} rowKey="id">
<Table.Column dataIndex="id" title="ID" />
<Table.Column title="Title" dataIndex="title" />
</Table>
</List>
);
};

tableQueryResult​

tableQueryResult are the returned values from useList hook.

sorters​

sorters is the current sorters state.

setSorters​

setSorters is a function to set current sorters state.

 (sorters: CrudSorting) => void;

filters​

filters is the current filters state.

setFilters​

((filters: CrudFilters, behavior?: SetFilterBehavior) => void) & ((setter: (prevFilters: CrudFilters) => CrudFilters) => void)

setFilters is a function to set current filters state.

current​

current is the current page index state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

setCurrent​

React.Dispatch<React.SetStateAction<number>> | undefined;

setCurrent is a function to set the current page index state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

pageSize​

pageSize is the current page size state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

setPageSize​

React.Dispatch<React.SetStateAction<number>> | undefined;

setPageSize is a function to set the current page size state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

pageCount​

pageCount is the total page count state. If pagination is disabled, it will be undefined.

createLinkForSyncWithLocation​

(params: SyncWithLocationParams) => string;

createLinkForSyncWithLocation is a function creates accessible links for syncWithLocation. It takes an SyncWithLocationParams as parameters.

overtime​

overtime object is returned from this hook. elapsedTime is the elapsed time in milliseconds. It becomes undefined when the request is completed.

const { overtime } = useTable();

console.log(overtime.elapsedTime); // undefined, 1000, 2000, 3000 4000, ...

sorter
deprecated
​

Use sorters instead.

setSorter
deprecated
​

Use setSorters instead.

FAQ​

How can I handle relational data?​

You can use the useMany hook to fetch relational data and filter <Table> by categories with the help of useSelect

localhost:3000/posts
import { HttpError, useMany, getDefaultFilter } from "@refinedev/core";

import {
List,
TagField,
useTable,
useSelect,
FilterDropdown,
} from "@refinedev/antd";
import {
Table,
Select,
} from "antd";

interface ICategory {
id: number;
title: string;
}

interface IPost {
id: number;
title: string;
content: string;
status: "published" | "draft" | "rejected";
category: {
id: number;
};
}

const PostList: React.FC = () => {
const { tableProps, filters } = useTable<IPost, HttpError>();

// Creates the array of ids. This will filter and fetch the category data for the relevant posts.
const categoryIds = tableProps.dataSource?.map((p) => p.category.id.toString()) || [];
// Fetches the category of each post. It uses the useMany hook to fetch the category data from the API.
const { data, isFetching } = useMany<ICategory>({
resource: "categories",
ids: categoryIds,
queryOptions: {
// Set to true only if the posts array is not empty.
enabled: categoryIds.length > 0,
},
});

// Creates the props by needed the select component for filtering the posts by category.
const { selectProps } = useSelect<ICategory>({
resource: "categories",
optionLabel: "title",
optionValue: "id",
defaultValue: getDefaultFilter("category.id", filters, "in"),
});

return (
<List>
<Table {...tableProps} rowKey="id">
<Table.Column dataIndex="id" title="ID" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="title" title="Title" />
<Table.Column dataIndex="content" title="Content" />
<Table.Column
dataIndex={["category", "id"]}
title="Category"
render={(value) => {
if (isFetching) return "loading...";
// Gets the title of the category from the data object, which is the result of the useMany hook.
return data?.data.find((p) => p.id === value)?.title;
}}
filterDropdown={(props: FilterDropdownProps) => (
<FilterDropdown {...props} mapValue={(selectedKeys) => selectedKeys.map((i) => parseInt(i.toString()))}>
<Select style={{ minWidth: 200 }} mode="multiple" {...selectProps} />
</FilterDropdown>
)}
/>
<Table.Column dataIndex="status" title="Status" render={(value: string) => <TagField value={value} />} />
</Table>
</List>
);
};

How can I handle client side filtering?​

You can set the filters.mode: "off" in order to disable server-side filtering. useTable is fully compatible with Ant Design <Table> component's filtering feature.

import { useTable } from "@refinedev/antd";
import { Table } from "antd";

const ListPage = () => {
const { tableProps } = useTable({
filters: {
mode: "off",
},
});

return (
<Table {...tableProps} rowKey="id">
{/* ... */}
<Table.Column
dataIndex="status"
title="Status"
filters={[
{
text: "Published",
value: "published",
},
{
text: "Draft",
value: "draft",
},
{
text: "Rejected",
value: "rejected",
},
]}
onFilter={(value, record) => record.status === value}
/>
</Table>
);
};

How can I handle client side sorting?​

You can set the sorters.mode: "off" in order to disable server-side sorting. useTable is fully compatible with Ant Design <Table> component's sorting feature.

import { useTable } from "@refinedev/antd";
import { Table } from "antd";

const ListPage = () => {
const { tableProps } = useTable({
sorters: {
mode: "off",
},
});

return (
<Table {...tableProps} rowKey="id">
<Table.Column dataIndex="id" title="ID" sorter={(a, b) => a.id - b.id} />
{/* ... */}
</Table>
);
};

API​

Properties​

Type Parameters​

PropertyDescriptionTypeDefault
TQueryFnDataResult data returned by the query function. Extends BaseRecordBaseRecordBaseRecord
TErrorCustom error object that extends HttpErrorHttpErrorHttpError
TSearchVariablesValues for search params{}
TDataResult data returned by the select function. Extends BaseRecord. If not specified, the value of TQueryFnData will be used as the default value.BaseRecordTQueryFnData

Return values​

PropertyDescriptionType
searchFormPropsAnt Design <Form> propsFormProps<TSearchVariables>
tablePropsAnt Design <Table> propsTableProps<TData>
tableQueryResultResult of the react-query's useQueryQueryObserverResult<{`` data: TData[];`` total: number; },`` TError>
totalPageTotal page count (returns undefined if pagination is disabled)number | undefined
currentCurrent page index state (returns undefined if pagination is disabled)number | undefined
setCurrentA function that changes the current (returns undefined if pagination is disabled)React.Dispatch<React.SetStateAction<number>> | undefined
pageSizeCurrent pageSize state (returns undefined if pagination is disabled)number | undefined
setPageSizeA function that changes the pageSize. (returns undefined if pagination is disabled)React.Dispatch<React.SetStateAction<number>> | undefined
sortersCurrent sorting stateCrudSorting
setSortersA function that accepts a new sorters state.(sorters: CrudSorting) => void
sorterCurrent sorting stateCrudSorting
setSorterA function that accepts a new sorters state.(sorters: CrudSorting) => void
filtersCurrent filters stateCrudFilters
setFiltersA function that accepts a new filter state- (filters: CrudFilters, behavior?: "merge" \| "replace" = "merge") => void - (setter: (previousFilters: CrudFilters) => CrudFilters) => void
overtimeOvertime loading props{ elapsedTime?: number }

Example​

Run on your local
npm create refine-app@latest -- --example table-antd-use-table